Tyre punctures are the bane of every driver’s life. They demand immediate attention, regardless of where you are and what you had otherwise planned. Whether or not a tyre can be repaired depends entirely on the size and location of the puncture and the extent of the internal damage, which results from driving with a deflated tyre.
CMH Mazda Menlyn has compiled a step by step guide on how to change a tyre:
- Flat tyres often happen in the most inconvenient locations. On the road, you’ll need to find a safe spot to pull over. If possible, have the flat tyre facing the verge-side of the road, instead of the traffic side. Once safely parked, put on your hazards, put your vehicle in neutral/park and pull up the handbrake.
- Place your emergency triangle approximately 20 meters behind your vehicle on the road.
- Look for bricks, small rocks or logs and place them behind the other wheels, to secure the vehicle and prevent it from rolling.
- Get your spare wheel, jack and wheel spanner from under the floor of the boot/trunk. This may vary depending on your vehicle some vehicles have the spare wheels mounted on the back or underneath of the vehicle.
- Look for the markings or notches on the metal frame under the vehicle near the tyre that needs changing. Place the jack and proceed to raise the wheel just enough to release the weight of the vehicle.
- Remove the hubcap and loosen the wheel nuts using the wheel spanner turning anti clockwise, don’t completely remove the wheel nuts just yet. Proceed to jack the vehicle up high enough off the ground to remove the wheel, remove the wheel nuts, carefully remove the flat wheel and place it under the vehicle in-case your jack fails.
- Align spare wheel rim with the wheel bolts and slot into place, and put back the wheel nuts tightening the nuts in a star pattern (Don’t tighten the wheel nut next to the one you’ve just worked on, but rather the one just opposite it) to ensure even torque with your hands till they nice and snug.
- Remove your flat wheel from under your vehicle and proceed to lower your vehicle once done remove the jack. Double check that the wheel nuts are snug with the wheel spanner once lowered.
- Place flat wheel, jack, wheel spanner and emergency triangle into the boot/trunk. Have the flat wheel repaired or replaced as soon as possible.